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Guhitamo imiyoboro n'ubugari bw'urukuta

Umuyoboro wibyuma urasabwa mubwinshi bwa peteroli na gaze hamwe no gukoresha imiyoboro.ASME A53 na A106 na API 5L nta kinyabupfura, gusudira amashanyarazi (ERW), hamwe nicyuma cyogosha arc welding (SAW) ibyuma biraboneka mubucuruzi kandi bikunze gukoreshwa muburyo bwimiyoboro.PVC, fiberglass, polypropilene, nibindi bikoresho birashobora gukoreshwa mumashanyarazi make kandi yingirakamaro.ASME B31.4 na B31.8 yemerera gukoresha ibikoresho bisimburana mubisabwa cyane.Umuyoboro udafite ubudakemwa ni gake ukoreshwa mubisabwa kubera ibiciro biri hejuru kandi kuboneka kuboneka.Uhereye ku gishushanyo mbonera no kugenzura, umuyoboro wakozwe na ERW na SAW uringaniye uhwanye n'umuyoboro udafite kashe kandi ntabwo uhenze cyane.Icyitonderwa: Ibi ntabwo arukuri kuri sisitemu yo kuvoma yateguwe ukurikije ASME B31.3.

Ku muyoboro mwinshi cyane, umuyoboro wo mu rwego rwo hejuru, nka API 5L yo mu cyiciro cya X42, X52, X60, na X65, watoranijwe kubera ko umuyoboro woroshye cyane ushobora gukoreshwa, ibyo bikaba bigabanya cyane ibiciro byumuyoboro.Amafaranga yo kubaka azigama nayo aragerwaho, mugihe cyo gusudira kigabanuka kandi ibikoresho byo kohereza / gutunganya bigabanuka.

Umuyoboro w'icyuma usanzwe ukoreshwa mumiyoboro ikora kumuvuduko wa 100 psig cyangwa irenga.Umuyoboro wibyuma uhanganira umuvuduko mwinshi, uramba, kandi ufite ubuzima burebure.Umuyoboro wa Fiberglass, PVC, cyangwa umuyoboro mwinshi wa polyethylene (HDPE) ukoreshwa mubihe bimwe na bimwe imiyoboro ikusanya gaze.Ibigize umuyoboro birimo ibi bikurikira: imiyoboro, indangagaciro, ibikoresho, hamwe nibikoresho nko gupima, pompe, na compressor.

Muri iki gitabo, duhangayikishijwe gusa no gutwara hydrocarbone nka gaze karemano, ibikomoka kuri peteroli itunganijwe, amavuta ya peteroli, na gaze ya peteroli ya peteroli mu miyoboro y'ibyuma.Kubwibyo, ntabwo tuzakemura ibikoresho nkumuyoboro wa PVC.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Mutarama-17-2022